Meccanica Mekaniikka Mecanică

The long walk back from Chihuahua

100 years ago today, the end of the Punitive Expedition:

In the image above, a column of 6th and 16th Infantry regiments, are shown en route back to the States, between Corralitos Rancho and Ojo Federico, Jan 29th, 1917. Co. A, 16th Inf. in the foreground. Note the “Montana” campaign hats and Springfield 1903s.

Read the rest here: The long walk back from Chihuahua

Fiat-Revelli Modello 1914

Designed by Captain Bethel Abiel Revelli and manufactured by Fiat the Modello 1914 unlike most of its contemporaries used a blowback action rather than a gas operated system. It was chambered in Italy’s standard 6.5x52mm service cartridge the Modello 1914 fed from an unusual magazine which held cartridges in rows of five with each magazine holding 50-rounds.
The weapon also had two modes of fire, slow and fast, which varied its cyclic rate. Unlike contemporary water-cooled medium machine guns the Fiat-Revelli used a water circulation system which pumped condensed water back into the jacket. The assistant gunner worked the pump, the two hose connection points can be seen beneath the barrel jacket, near the trunnion.  

In the photograph above an Italian machine gun crew fires from the cover of vegetation. The Modello 1914′s water can and dual jacket hoses cannot be seen but the gun appears to be in action. 

The Revelli Machine Gun was extensively tested by the Italian military, as was the competing Perino Machine Gun, during the early 1900s. With the outbreak of World War One Italy’s sources for imported foreign machine guns dried up. The Italian military decided that they needed an indigenous design. Fiat-Revelli was deemed to have performed the best with Fiat also having the necessary production capacity. Italy entered the war on the Entente side in September 1915 and the Modello 1914 saw action throughout the war and continued in service into the 1940s albeit in a modernised belt-fed, air-cooled Modello 1914/35 form.

Sources:

Images: 1 2

via historicalfirearms

Combat Gallery Sunday: The Martial Art of James Arthur Pownall

From the great laststandonzombieisland

Much as once a week I like to take time off to cover warships (Wednesdays), on Sundays (when I feel like working), I like to cover military art and the painters, illustrators, sculptors, photographers and the like that produced them.

Combat Gallery Sunday: The Martial Art of James Arthur Pownall

Not much is known of James Arthur Pownall, coming from the landed gentry and born in to a family of cotton merchants. Pownall apparently eschewed work in the cotton concern to take up painting full time.

A Mounted Sowar in Drab Full Dress, Guides Cavalry, James Arthur Pownall, 1902, National Army Museum.  Note the Martini rifle while the rest of the empire was going Lee-Metford. The Corps of Guides was raised in 1846/1847 by Lieutenant (later Lieutenant-General Sir) Harry Lumsden (1821–1896). In 1886, as part of the later nineteenth-century reform of the Indian Army, the Guides were transferred from the control of the Governor of the Punjab to that of the Commander-in-Chief. The cavalry regiment was later numbered 10th in the 1922 reorganization of the Indian Army.

Indian Corps of Drums,1918, James Arthur Pownall, Cheshire Military Museum

Mounted Lancer, James Arthur Pownall, 1918, Cheshire Military Museum

Source: Combat Gallery Sunday: The Martial Art of James Arthur Pownall

Early torpedo tech

The Brennan torpedo was the first effective guided weapon. Introduced into service in 1887, the Brennan was launched from a shore-side fort and powered by a steam engine which pulled wire off drums in the torpedo. As the wire was pulled in, the drums rotated so powering the propellors that drove it through the water.

Brennan torpedo sites were used to protect the entrances of naval ports. Its major advantages were that if the target manoeuvred, the torpedo could be steered to intercept after launch, by tracking a mast showing above the water. It also carried a large warhead that would strike below the heavy armoured belt. At least 8 Brennan sites have been identified, 5 in the UK and Ireland, 2 in Malta and one in Hong Kong.

Brennan torpedoes had a speed of about 26 knots, well in excess of the speed on the battleships of the time, and a range of 2000 yards. They carried a warhead of 230 (later 364) lbs wet guncotton.

Some details of the Brennan are still secret. The depth mechanism is sealed, and there are no drawings to show how it worked, so the movie shows one of the techniques available at the time. The single remaining original Brennan can be seen at the Royal Engineers museum, Chatham, England.

Animation of 16 inch torpedo, Whitehead design, built by the Royal Laboratories in about 1876. This torpedo has a warhead of 116 lbs (52.5 Kg) wet guncotton, a compressed air compound oscillating engine giving a speed of 9 knots and a range of 1,200 yards (1.1 Km). The animation shows the desk launch carriage that was used when HMS SHAH fired a 16 inch torpedo at the Peruvian armoured turret ship Huascar in 1877. Animation created using Cinema 4D.

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JULESWINGS

Military wings and things

Forgotten Weapons

Your destination for rare, exotic, and prototype firearms

IHRA

The best in WWII aviation history

The Scarf & Goggles Social Club

Ripping yarns from the Age of Adventure

Weapons and Warfare

History and Hardware of Warfare

To the Sound of the Guns

Civil War Artillery, Battlefields and Historical Markers

The Angry Staff Officer

Peddling history, alcohol, defense, and sometimes all three at once

wwiiafterwwii

wwii equipment used after the war

Old Machine Press

New Memories of Old Machines

laststandonzombieisland

Weapons, Wars, Preparation and Security from a recovering gun nut turned bad writer

Pacific Paratrooper

This WordPress.com site is Pacific War era information

amateur airplanes

Let's build.

Pilotstories

Der Luftfahrt Blog

The July Crisis: 100 Years On, 1914-2014

How Europe went to war in the summer of 1914

Some WW1 Photographs...

From my own collection, to share them with you

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The alternative aviation magazine