Single seat reconnaissance. 600 units built for the French Military Aircraft (designated MS-3) and the RFC.
Roland Garros fitted out one of them with a machine gun hood and steel deflectors on the propeller. Thus armed, he won several victories before being shot down.
A typical monoplane “parasol” the Morane-saulnier Type L is a fragile reconnaissance aircraft with two seats.
It was the first aircraft equipped with a fixed machine gun firing through the propeller.
Bullets struck the propeller and were deflected by the blades of steel. Roland Garros tested in April 1915 a model with a Hotchkiss 8mm machine gun using copper bullets.
He earned three victories in three weeks before the Germans captured the plane.
Google translated from: http://fandavion.free.fr/moranemoska.htm