Morane Saulnier Type L “Parasol”

Single seat reconnaissance. 600 units built for the French Military Aircraft (designated MS-3) and the RFC.

Roland Garros fitted out one of them with a machine gun hood and steel deflectors on the propeller. Thus armed, he won several victories before being shot down.


A typical monoplane “parasol” the Morane-saulnier Type L is a fragile reconnaissance aircraft with two seats.

It was the first aircraft equipped with a fixed machine gun firing through the propeller.

Bullets struck the propeller and were deflected by the blades of steel. Roland Garros tested in April 1915 a model with a Hotchkiss 8mm machine gun using copper bullets.

He earned three victories in three weeks before the Germans captured the plane.

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